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Common mothIdiodes apicata

Bracken Moth at Brogo, NSW

2 images

Idiodes apicata at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019
Idiodes apicata at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019

Identification history

Common moth Idiodes apicata 18 Oct 2019 MaxCampbell
Common moth Idiodes apicata 10 Oct 2019 GlennCocking
Geometridae Cernia amyclaria 14 Sep 2019 Paul Whitington
Geometridae Geometridae (family) 13 Sep 2019 MaxCampbell

Author's notes

Found, at night, on our window pane. Wingspan about 40mm.

9 comments

   14 Sep 2019
Looks like a pretty good match to photos of this species in Moths of Victoria. They report it has been found around Mallacoota with peak flight times in October/November.
   14 Sep 2019
Your photos of the upper and under wing are also a good match for images on Don Herbison-Evan’s site http://lepidoptera.butterflyhouse.com.au/chro/amyclaria.html
   14 Sep 2019
Hi Paul,
I had a trawl through a lot of Cernia amyclaria photos in view of your suggestion and wasn't (initially) very convinced by rounded (fore) wingtips and scalloped trailing edges. My specimen has very pointed wing tips and plain, slightly fringed trailing edges. I also thought my photos would stand apart from the others on basic patterning even allowing for variation. However on examining the Dianne Clarke photos at butterflyhouse, especially the underside view, I'm thinking you're probably right.
Cheers,
Max.
   14 Sep 2019
As usual, Max, we’ll leave it to the judge - Glenn!
   10 Oct 2019
With one reservation, I believe this is Idiodes apicata. The wing pattern well matches some of the forms of that variable species. A small kink in the hindwing (much less pronounced than in Cernia amyclaria) is present in the photo and the species generally, although you often can't see it in a photo, or sometimes in a set specimen. The only reservation is the antennae. At first I thought they were pectinate, but perhaps the photo is just picking up the short and dense cilia on a male moth.
   11 Oct 2019
So is the common name bracken moth because the larvae feed on bracken? Because that is something we have rather a lot of on our place, for what that is worth. I had a close look at the antennae on Max's photo and they look a bit bumpy edged, but not pectinate.
   11 Oct 2019
We reared this moth from a caterpillar and as you can see from Kerri’s notes, it only seems to accept bracken. Common moth Idiodes apicata (Bracken Moth) on 3 Mar 2019
   11 Oct 2019
Right, well we need an army of the things here then. I have never seen a caterpillar on our bracken, despite spending rather a lot of time in the last few summers cutting down regrowth after winter slashing of enormous stands of waist high bracken. With the amount of bracken in the Bega Valley you'd reckon this moth would be super-abundant.
   18 Oct 2019
Hi Glen, Thanks once again for your suggestion. I agree that the wing shape and colour patterning is very convincing. I have seen a good presentation of the species here:
http://lepidoptera.butterflyhouse.com.au/enno/apicata.html
The antennae are seen here to be robustly filamentous, and quite broad in one plane. (See especially the wing underside photo). I found a good close look at the antennae here:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/50615476@N03/32899384560/in/photostream/
which shows them to have a woven texture with a slight central crease. I think, when we allow for my little cameras inboard flash accentuating shadows somewhat, that the antennae are not too extraordinary.

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Nearby Sightings

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Papilio (Princeps) aegeus (Large Citrus Butterfly) at Brogo, NSW - 23 Oct 2019 Xanthagrion erythroneurum (Red and Blue Damsel) at Brogo, NSW - 23 Oct 2019 Tachybaptus novaehollandiae (Australasian Grebe) at Brogo, NSW - 23 Oct 2019 Coccinella transversalis (Transverse Lady Beetle) at Brogo, NSW - 20 Oct 2019 Coelophora inaequalis (Variable Ladybird) at Brogo, NSW - 20 Oct 2019 Alisterus scapularis (Australian King-parrot) at Brogo, NSW - 14 Oct 2019 Calotis lappulacea (Mallee Burr-daisy) at Brogo, NSW - 13 Oct 2019 Glycine tabacina (Variable Glycine) at Brogo, NSW - 13 Oct 2019 Scleranthus fasciculatus (Knawel) at Brogo, NSW - 13 Oct 2019 Zornia dyctiocarpa var. dyctiocarpa (Zornia) at Brogo, NSW - 13 Oct 2019 Sapromyza sp. (TBC) at Brogo, NSW - 13 Oct 2019 Ocybadistes flavovittata (TBC) at Brogo, NSW - 13 Oct 2019 Melangyna sp. (Hover Fly) at Brogo, NSW - 13 Oct 2019 Apis (Apis) mellifera (Honey Bee) at Brogo, NSW - 13 Oct 2019 Hippodamia variegata (Spotted Amber Ladybird) at Brogo, NSW - 13 Oct 2019 Pseudechis porphyriacus (Red-bellied Black Snake) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Oct 2019 Salix babylonica (Weeping Willow) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Oct 2019 Marsdenia rostrata (Common Milk-vine) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Oct 2019 Araujia sericifera (Moth Vine, Moth Plant) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Oct 2019 Hypolepis glandulifera (Sticky Ground Fern) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Oct 2019 Viola hederacea (Ivy-leaf Violet) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Oct 2019 TEPHRITIDAE (family) (Fruit fly or seed fly) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Oct 2019 Diphucephala sp. (Diphucephala scarab beetle) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Oct 2019 Coccinella transversalis (Transverse Lady Beetle) at Brogo, NSW - 6 Oct 2019 Nysius vinitor (Rutherglen bug) at Brogo, NSW - 6 Oct 2019 Chauliognathus lugubris (Plague Soldier Beetle) at Brogo, NSW - 5 Oct 2019 Coelophora inaequalis (Ladybird beetle) at Brogo, NSW - 5 Oct 2019 Eulamprus heatwolei (Yellow-bellied Water-skink) at Brogo, NSW - 25 Sep 2019 Austrolestes leda (Wandering Ringtail) at Brogo, NSW - 25 Sep 2019 Philemon corniculatus (Noisy Friarbird) at Brogo, NSW - 25 Sep 2019 Alisterus scapularis (Australian King-parrot) at Brogo, NSW - 25 Sep 2019 Wahlenbergia capillaris (Tufted Bluebell) at Brogo, NSW - 22 Sep 2019 Unidentified Bee (TBC) at Brogo, NSW - 22 Sep 2019 Polyrhachis ammon (Golden-spined Ant, Golden Ant) at Brogo, NSW - 17 Sep 2019 Chlorocoma dichloraria (Guenee's or Double-fringed Emerald) at Brogo, NSW - 15 Sep 2019 Chelodina (Chelodina) longicollis (Eastern long-necked turtle) at Brogo, NSW - 14 Sep 2019 Zieria cytisoides (Downy Zieria) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019 Apis (Apis) mellifera (Honey Bee) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019 Calotis lappulacea (Mallee Burr-daisy) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019 Themeda triandra (Kangaroo Grass) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019 Philobota protecta (TBC) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019 Einadia nutans subsp. nutans (Nodding Saltbush) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019 Sorghum leiocladum (Wild Sorghum) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019 Glycine tabacina (Variable Glycine) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019 Rubus parvifolius (Native Raspberry) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019 Imperata cylindrica (Blady Grass) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019 Wahlenbergia capillaris (Tufted Bluebell) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019 Desmodium varians (Slender Tick Trefoil) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019 Chrysocephalum apiculatum (Common Everlasting) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019 Eunatalis sp. (Clerid beetle) at Brogo, NSW - 11 Sep 2019 Phylidonyris novaehollandiae (New Holland Honeyeater) at Brogo, NSW - 11 Sep 2019 Varanus varius (Lace Monitor) at Brogo, NSW - 11 Sep 2019 Pseudechis porphyriacus (Red-bellied Black Snake) at Brogo, NSW - 11 Sep 2019 Pittosporum revolutum (Large-fruited Pittosporum) at Brogo, NSW - 9 Sep 2019 Chelodina (Chelodina) longicollis (Eastern long-necked turtle) at Brogo, NSW - 8 Sep 2019 Meliphaga lewinii (Lewin's Honeyeater) at Brogo, NSW - 2 Sep 2019 Eulamprus heatwolei (Yellow-bellied Water-skink) at Brogo, NSW - 2 Sep 2019 Acacia melanoxylon (Blackwood) at Brogo, NSW - 30 Aug 2019 Trichosurus vulpecula (Common Brushtail Possum) at Brogo, NSW - 26 Aug 2019 Litoria peronii (Peron's Tree Frog) at Brogo, NSW - 24 Aug 2019 Pseudechis porphyriacus (Red-bellied Black Snake) at Brogo, NSW - 24 Aug 2019 Dacelo novaeguineae (Laughing Kookaburra) at Brogo, NSW - 20 Aug 2019 Hardenbergia violacea (Purple coral pea, Native sarsaparilla) at Brogo, NSW - 19 Aug 2019 Wallabia bicolor (Swamp Wallaby) at Brogo, NSW - 7 Aug 2019 Cracticus tibicen (Australian Magpie) at Brogo, NSW - 3 Aug 2019 Dacelo novaeguineae (Laughing Kookaburra) at Brogo, NSW - 3 Aug 2019 Microeca fascinans (Jacky Winter) at Brogo, NSW - 28 Jul 2019 Phylidonyris novaehollandiae (New Holland Honeyeater) at Brogo, NSW - 27 Jul 2019 Acanthiza lineata (Striated Thornbill) at Brogo, NSW - 27 Jul 2019 Pseudocheirus peregrinus (Common Ringtail Possum) at Brogo, NSW - 24 Jul 2019 Pseudechis porphyriacus (Red-bellied Black Snake) at Brogo, NSW - 4 Jul 2019 Phylidonyris novaehollandiae (New Holland Honeyeater) at Brogo, NSW - 26 Jun 2019 Corymbia maculata (Spotted Gum) at Brogo, NSW - 26 Jun 2019 Eucalyptus stricta at Brogo, NSW - 24 Jun 2019 Neochmia temporalis (Red-browed Finch) at Brogo, NSW - 24 Jun 2019 Colluricincla harmonica (Grey Shrike-thrush) at Brogo, NSW - 24 Jun 2019 Pieris rapae (Cabbage White) at Brogo, NSW - 22 Jun 2019 Musca sp. (Fly) at Brogo, NSW - 30 May 2019 Boreoides subulatus (Wingless soldier fly) at Brogo, NSW - 28 May 2019 Oudemansiella 'radicata group' (Rooting Shank) at Brogo, NSW - 19 May 2019 Delias nigrina (Black Jezebel) at Brogo, NSW - 14 May 2019 STRATIOMYIDAE (Soldier fly) at Brogo, NSW - 2 May 2019 Exaireta spinigera (Garden soldier fly) at Brogo, NSW - 1 May 2019 Camponotus suffusus (Golden-tailed sugar ant) at Brogo, NSW - 24 Apr 2019 Gymnopilus junonius (Gymnopilus junonius) at Brogo, NSW - 19 Apr 2019 Ischnura heterosticta (Common Bluetail) at Brogo, NSW - 14 Apr 2019 Litoria verreauxii (Verreaux's Frog) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Apr 2019 Ischnura heterosticta (Common Bluetail) at Brogo, NSW - 11 Apr 2019 Xanthagrion erythroneurum (Red and Blue Damsel) at Brogo, NSW - 11 Apr 2019 Gymnopilus sp. (TBC) at Brogo, NSW - 24 Mar 2019 Calyptorhynchus funereus (Yellow-tailed Black-cockatoo) at Brogo, NSW - 24 Mar 2019 Calyptorhynchus funereus (Yellow-tailed Black-cockatoo) at Brogo, NSW - 17 Mar 2019 Illeis galbula (Fungus-eating Ladybird) at Brogo, NSW - 9 Mar 2019 Trigonidomorpha sjostedti (Trigonidiid cricket) at Brogo, NSW - 9 Mar 2019 Epilachna sumbana (A Leaf-eating Ladybird) at Brogo, NSW - 9 Mar 2019 Eulamprus heatwolei (Yellow-bellied Water-skink) at Brogo, NSW - 7 Mar 2019 Eragrostis brownii (Common Lovegrass) at Brogo, NSW - 1 Mar 2019 POMPILIDAE (Unidentified Spider wasp) at Brogo, NSW - 17 Feb 2019 Agaricus sp. (TBC) at Brogo, NSW - 16 Feb 2019 Hemicordulia australiae (Australian Emerald) at Brogo, NSW - 16 Feb 2019
Papilio (Princeps) aegeus (Large Citrus Butterfly) at Brogo, NSW - 23 Oct 2019
Xanthagrion erythroneurum (Red and Blue Damsel) at Brogo, NSW - 23 Oct 2019
Tachybaptus novaehollandiae (Australasian Grebe) at Brogo, NSW - 23 Oct 2019
Coccinella transversalis (Transverse Lady Beetle) at Brogo, NSW - 20 Oct 2019
Coelophora inaequalis (Variable Ladybird) at Brogo, NSW - 20 Oct 2019
Alisterus scapularis (Australian King-parrot) at Brogo, NSW - 14 Oct 2019
Calotis lappulacea (Mallee Burr-daisy) at Brogo, NSW - 13 Oct 2019
Glycine tabacina (Variable Glycine) at Brogo, NSW - 13 Oct 2019
Scleranthus fasciculatus (Knawel) at Brogo, NSW - 13 Oct 2019
Zornia dyctiocarpa var. dyctiocarpa (Zornia) at Brogo, NSW - 13 Oct 2019
Sapromyza sp. (TBC) at Brogo, NSW - 13 Oct 2019
Ocybadistes flavovittata (TBC) at Brogo, NSW - 13 Oct 2019
Melangyna sp. (Hover Fly) at Brogo, NSW - 13 Oct 2019
Apis (Apis) mellifera (Honey Bee) at Brogo, NSW - 13 Oct 2019
Hippodamia variegata (Spotted Amber Ladybird) at Brogo, NSW - 13 Oct 2019
Pseudechis porphyriacus (Red-bellied Black Snake) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Oct 2019
Salix babylonica (Weeping Willow) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Oct 2019
Marsdenia rostrata (Common Milk-vine) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Oct 2019
Araujia sericifera (Moth Vine, Moth Plant) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Oct 2019
Hypolepis glandulifera (Sticky Ground Fern) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Oct 2019
Viola hederacea (Ivy-leaf Violet) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Oct 2019
TEPHRITIDAE (family) (Fruit fly or seed fly) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Oct 2019
Diphucephala sp. (Diphucephala scarab beetle) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Oct 2019
Coccinella transversalis (Transverse Lady Beetle) at Brogo, NSW - 6 Oct 2019
Nysius vinitor (Rutherglen bug) at Brogo, NSW - 6 Oct 2019
Chauliognathus lugubris (Plague Soldier Beetle) at Brogo, NSW - 5 Oct 2019
Coelophora inaequalis (Ladybird beetle) at Brogo, NSW - 5 Oct 2019
Eulamprus heatwolei (Yellow-bellied Water-skink) at Brogo, NSW - 25 Sep 2019
Austrolestes leda (Wandering Ringtail) at Brogo, NSW - 25 Sep 2019
Philemon corniculatus (Noisy Friarbird) at Brogo, NSW - 25 Sep 2019
Alisterus scapularis (Australian King-parrot) at Brogo, NSW - 25 Sep 2019
Wahlenbergia capillaris (Tufted Bluebell) at Brogo, NSW - 22 Sep 2019
Unidentified Bee (TBC) at Brogo, NSW - 22 Sep 2019
Polyrhachis ammon (Golden-spined Ant, Golden Ant) at Brogo, NSW - 17 Sep 2019
Chlorocoma dichloraria (Guenee's or Double-fringed Emerald) at Brogo, NSW - 15 Sep 2019
Chelodina (Chelodina) longicollis (Eastern long-necked turtle) at Brogo, NSW - 14 Sep 2019
Zieria cytisoides (Downy Zieria) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019
Apis (Apis) mellifera (Honey Bee) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019
Calotis lappulacea (Mallee Burr-daisy) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019
Themeda triandra (Kangaroo Grass) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019
Philobota protecta (TBC) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019
Einadia nutans subsp. nutans (Nodding Saltbush) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019
Sorghum leiocladum (Wild Sorghum) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019
Glycine tabacina (Variable Glycine) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019
Rubus parvifolius (Native Raspberry) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019
Imperata cylindrica (Blady Grass) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019
Wahlenbergia capillaris (Tufted Bluebell) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019
Desmodium varians (Slender Tick Trefoil) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019
Chrysocephalum apiculatum (Common Everlasting) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Sep 2019
Eunatalis sp. (Clerid beetle) at Brogo, NSW - 11 Sep 2019
Phylidonyris novaehollandiae (New Holland Honeyeater) at Brogo, NSW - 11 Sep 2019
Varanus varius (Lace Monitor) at Brogo, NSW - 11 Sep 2019
Pseudechis porphyriacus (Red-bellied Black Snake) at Brogo, NSW - 11 Sep 2019
Pittosporum revolutum (Large-fruited Pittosporum) at Brogo, NSW - 9 Sep 2019
Chelodina (Chelodina) longicollis (Eastern long-necked turtle) at Brogo, NSW - 8 Sep 2019
Meliphaga lewinii (Lewin's Honeyeater) at Brogo, NSW - 2 Sep 2019
Eulamprus heatwolei (Yellow-bellied Water-skink) at Brogo, NSW - 2 Sep 2019
Acacia melanoxylon (Blackwood) at Brogo, NSW - 30 Aug 2019
Trichosurus vulpecula (Common Brushtail Possum) at Brogo, NSW - 26 Aug 2019
Litoria peronii (Peron's Tree Frog) at Brogo, NSW - 24 Aug 2019
Pseudechis porphyriacus (Red-bellied Black Snake) at Brogo, NSW - 24 Aug 2019
Dacelo novaeguineae (Laughing Kookaburra) at Brogo, NSW - 20 Aug 2019
Hardenbergia violacea (Purple coral pea, Native sarsaparilla) at Brogo, NSW - 19 Aug 2019
Wallabia bicolor (Swamp Wallaby) at Brogo, NSW - 7 Aug 2019
Cracticus tibicen (Australian Magpie) at Brogo, NSW - 3 Aug 2019
Dacelo novaeguineae (Laughing Kookaburra) at Brogo, NSW - 3 Aug 2019
Microeca fascinans (Jacky Winter) at Brogo, NSW - 28 Jul 2019
Phylidonyris novaehollandiae (New Holland Honeyeater) at Brogo, NSW - 27 Jul 2019
Acanthiza lineata (Striated Thornbill) at Brogo, NSW - 27 Jul 2019
Pseudocheirus peregrinus (Common Ringtail Possum) at Brogo, NSW - 24 Jul 2019
Pseudechis porphyriacus (Red-bellied Black Snake) at Brogo, NSW - 4 Jul 2019
Phylidonyris novaehollandiae (New Holland Honeyeater) at Brogo, NSW - 26 Jun 2019
Corymbia maculata (Spotted Gum) at Brogo, NSW - 26 Jun 2019
Eucalyptus stricta at Brogo, NSW - 24 Jun 2019
Neochmia temporalis (Red-browed Finch) at Brogo, NSW - 24 Jun 2019
Colluricincla harmonica (Grey Shrike-thrush) at Brogo, NSW - 24 Jun 2019
Pieris rapae (Cabbage White) at Brogo, NSW - 22 Jun 2019
Musca sp. (Fly) at Brogo, NSW - 30 May 2019
Boreoides subulatus (Wingless soldier fly) at Brogo, NSW - 28 May 2019
Oudemansiella 'radicata group' (Rooting Shank) at Brogo, NSW - 19 May 2019
Delias nigrina (Black Jezebel) at Brogo, NSW - 14 May 2019
STRATIOMYIDAE (Soldier fly) at Brogo, NSW - 2 May 2019
Exaireta spinigera (Garden soldier fly) at Brogo, NSW - 1 May 2019
Camponotus suffusus (Golden-tailed sugar ant) at Brogo, NSW - 24 Apr 2019
Gymnopilus junonius (Gymnopilus junonius) at Brogo, NSW - 19 Apr 2019
Ischnura heterosticta (Common Bluetail) at Brogo, NSW - 14 Apr 2019
Litoria verreauxii (Verreaux's Frog) at Brogo, NSW - 12 Apr 2019
Ischnura heterosticta (Common Bluetail) at Brogo, NSW - 11 Apr 2019
Xanthagrion erythroneurum (Red and Blue Damsel) at Brogo, NSW - 11 Apr 2019
Gymnopilus sp. (TBC) at Brogo, NSW - 24 Mar 2019
Calyptorhynchus funereus (Yellow-tailed Black-cockatoo) at Brogo, NSW - 24 Mar 2019
Calyptorhynchus funereus (Yellow-tailed Black-cockatoo) at Brogo, NSW - 17 Mar 2019
Illeis galbula (Fungus-eating Ladybird) at Brogo, NSW - 9 Mar 2019
Trigonidomorpha sjostedti (Trigonidiid cricket) at Brogo, NSW - 9 Mar 2019
Epilachna sumbana (A Leaf-eating Ladybird) at Brogo, NSW - 9 Mar 2019
Eulamprus heatwolei (Yellow-bellied Water-skink) at Brogo, NSW - 7 Mar 2019
Eragrostis brownii (Common Lovegrass) at Brogo, NSW - 1 Mar 2019
POMPILIDAE (Unidentified Spider wasp) at Brogo, NSW - 17 Feb 2019
Agaricus sp. (TBC) at Brogo, NSW - 16 Feb 2019
Hemicordulia australiae (Australian Emerald) at Brogo, NSW - 16 Feb 2019

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Location

Location information

  • Coordinates 149.762639-36.577317
  • Places Brogo, NSW

Species information

  • Not Sensitive
  • Local Native
  • Non-Invasive

Sighting information

  • 1 Abundance
  • 12 Sep 2019 10:13 PM Recorded on
  • MaxCampbell Recorded by
  • Website Reported via
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