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FungusLactifluus sp.

Unnamed at Southern Forest Life

5 images

Lactifluus sp. at Southern Forest Life - 3 May 2019
Lactifluus sp. at Southern Forest Life - 3 May 2019
Lactifluus sp. at Southern Forest Life - 3 May 2019
Lactifluus sp. at Southern Forest Life - 3 May 2019
Lactifluus sp. at Southern Forest Life - 3 May 2019

Identification history

Fungus Lactifluus sp. 9 May 2019 Pam
Fungus Lactifluus sp. 9 May 2019 Pam
Fungus Lactifluus clarkeae 8 May 2019 Pam
Lactifluss clarkeae 8 May 2019 Pam
Fungus Russula sp. 7 May 2019 KerriLee

Author's notes

Caps velvety, becoming conical with age and often tearing in the centre. Most caps 40-60mm diameter. Stipe short and stout. Spore print white. Spores sub-globose, rough. Could this be Russula flocktoniae (based on p169 in Fuhrer's field guide)?

6 comments

Pam wrote:
   8 May 2019
KerriLee you have a Lactifluus sp. it is often recorded as L. clarkei though I'd be inclined to call it L. subclarkeae (see Cheryl Grgurinovic's Larger Fungi of South Australia op. 63 under old genus name of Lactarius) or you can go with L. clarkei complex. The only problem I have with your great photos is that you treated the specimen with too much respect! If you had damaged it, only slightly of course, particularly the lamellae you would have seen th classic Lactarius exudate, in this case white. This is usually a quick way to divide the Russula spp. from the Lactarius and Lactifluus ones. These are mycorrhizal, ectomycorrhizal to be exact, so it would be interesting to note nearby tree species that it may be associated with. This appears to be a new species for this site
KerriLee wrote:
   8 May 2019
I have some new information to add: the stem snaps and breaks into pieces, 'chalk-like' (photo 3); and there is no apparent exudate when damaged, including when the gills are crushed. Hope that helps :)

As for identifying the host trees, I think that's nigh impossible here in the forest. There are so many trees, of many species.
Pam wrote:
   8 May 2019
Yes the stipe should break like chalk, if the invertebrates haven't trashed it, because these three general that I've mentioned all belong in the family Russulaceae. The species in this family have sphaerocysts. Simply, these are roundish cells which facilitate that classic Russulaceae 'chalk snapping' character. Trying to id this group of organisms (fungi) from photos is challenging. The additional characters that swayed my id were that the lamellae attachment is adnate, though sometimes subdecurrent for the Lactifluus subclarkeae, which fits. With lamellulae at periphery that often bifurcate or are anatstomosing, the R. flocktonae this is only occasionally so. If you look at image 3, the left hand cap edge you can see this character all the way around the perifery of the cap. Also the lamellae often become spotted with age - again in image 3, the left hand cap you can see light spotting appearing on the lamellae to the lower left. That dark brown markings on the lamellae of the right hand specimen where it has been damaged, indicate to me the presence of lacticiferous hyphae (latex containing hyphae) You should be able to see these under the microscope. On image 5 on the left hand side c half way down the outside lamella you will notice a tiny droplet. I have at times found it very difficult to find exudate in some specimens so that doesn't worry me. Hope this is of some help. As I've said id'ing fungi from images is an inexact art and I can only work on characters I can see and my familiarity with the different species. If you're still not certain I would suggest you just place it under Russulaceae which has unquestionable rigour.
Pam wrote:
   9 May 2019
Well problem solved, well partially anyway. Russula flocktonae was transfered to Lactifluus flocktonae in 2016 by Teresal Lebel et al. As I can not be definitive about the species name I've opted to just confirm it by the genus Lactifluus. Hope that is of some help.
Pam wrote:
   9 May 2019
Sorry I can't seem to remove the superflous names as I just keep getting a 'we are busy' message. If you could tidy this up for me it would be much appreciated
KerriLee wrote:
   9 May 2019
Thanks very much Pam. The system does seem to be struggling at the moment ... probably some technical improvements being made behind the scenes.

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Nearby Sightings

Page 1 of 7 pages - image sightings only 686 0 658

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(Woodland Katydid) at Southern Forest Life - 6 May 2019 Oudemansiella 'radicata group' (Rooting Shank) at Southern Forest Life - 6 May 2019 Helicarion cuvieri (semi-slug) at Southern Forest Life - 3 May 2019 Epacris impressa (Common Heath) at Southern Forest Life - 2 May 2019 Platysace lanceolata (Shrubby Platysace) at Southern Forest Life - 2 May 2019 Epacris impressa (Common Heath) at Southern Forest Life - 2 May 2019 Limnodynastes dumerili (Eastern Banjo Frog (Pobblebonk)) at Southern Forest Life - 30 Apr 2019 Eriophora transmarina (Garden orb-weaver) at Southern Forest Life - 30 Apr 2019 Musotima ochropteralis at Southern Forest Life - 30 Apr 2019 BRACONIDAE (Unidentified braconid wasp) at Southern Forest Life - 30 Apr 2019 Omphalotus nidiformis (Ghost Fungus) at Southern Forest Life - 29 Apr 2019 Oxycanus rufescens at Southern Forest Life - 28 Apr 2019 Chelepteryx chalepteryx (Chelepteryx chalepteryx) at Southern Forest Life - 28 Apr 2019 Ectropis bispinaria at Southern Forest Life - 28 Apr 2019 Venator spenceri (Hunter) at Southern Forest Life - 27 Apr 2019 Amanita xanthocephala (Vermilion Grisette) at Southern Forest Life - 24 Apr 2019 Amanita sp. at Southern Forest Life - 24 Apr 2019 Boletellus emodensis (Boletellus emodensis) at Southern Forest Life - 24 Apr 2019 Exoneura sp. (Reed Bees) at Southern Forest Life - 20 Apr 2019 Torbia perficita (Giant Torbia) at Southern Forest Life - 4 Apr 2019 Arkys alticephala (High-headed Arkys) at Southern Forest Life - 28 Mar 2019 Heteronympha banksii (Banks' Brown) at Southern Forest Life - 27 Mar 2019 Pison sp. (Black mud-dauber wasp) at Southern Forest Life - 26 Mar 2019 Fuligo septica (Dog vomit slime, Scrambled egg slime,) at Southern Forest Life - 26 Mar 2019 Myxomycete - plasmodium at Southern Forest Life - 26 Mar 2019 Tisiphone abeona (Swordgrass Brown) at Southern Forest Life - 26 Mar 2019 Heteronympha merope (Common Brown) at Southern Forest Life - 25 Mar 2019 Holconia immanis (Grey Huntsman) at Southern Forest Life - 24 Mar 2019 MICROGASTRINAE (subfamily) (Braconid wasp) at Southern Forest Life - 24 Mar 2019 Haemaphysalis longicornis (Scrub Tick, Bush Tick, New Zealand Cattle Tick) at Southern Forest Life - 24 Mar 2019 Orthetrum caledonicum (Blue Skimmer) at Southern Forest Life - 21 Mar 2019 CHAOBORIDAE (family) (Phantom midge) at Southern Forest Life - 21 Mar 2019 Myrmecia tarsata (Bullant or Bulldog ant) at Southern Forest Life - 21 Mar 2019 Illeis galbula (Fungus-eating Ladybird) at Southern Forest Life - 20 Mar 2019 Inocybe violaceocaulis (TBC) at Southern Forest Life - 18 Mar 2019 Paraoxypilus tasmaniensis (Black bark mantis) at Southern Forest Life - 11 Mar 2019 Miturga sp. (Prowling Spider) at Southern Forest Life - 10 Mar 2019 Phonognatha graeffei (Leaf curling spider) at Southern Forest Life - 10 Mar 2019 GRYLLACRIDIDAE (family) (Raspy Cricket) at Southern Forest Life - 10 Mar 2019 Eucyclodes insperata (Lacy Emerald) at Southern Forest Life - 7 Mar 2019 Epicoma sp. (Prominent moth) at Southern Forest Life - 5 Mar 2019 Epicoma contristis (Prominent moth) at Southern Forest Life - 4 Mar 2019 Argoctenus sp. (TBC) at Southern Forest Life - 4 Mar 2019 Hypocysta metirius (Brown Ringlet) at Southern Forest Life - 4 Mar 2019 Diplacodes haematodes (Scarlet Percher) at Southern Forest Life - 4 Mar 2019 Duomyia sp. (Signal fly) at Southern Forest Life - 4 Mar 2019 Asura lydia (Lydia Lichen Moth) at Southern Forest Life - 4 Mar 2019 Idiodes apicata (Bracken Moth) at Southern Forest Life - 3 Mar 2019 Orgyia anartoides (Painted Apple Moth) at Southern Forest Life - 24 Feb 2019 Archimantis sp. (Large brown mantis) at Southern Forest Life - 17 Feb 2019 Bovista brunnea (A puffball) at Southern Forest Life - 16 Feb 2019 Geopelia striata (Peaceful Dove) at Southern Forest Life - 12 Feb 2019 Morebilus plagusius (TBC) at Southern Forest Life - 11 Feb 2019 Colepia sp. (TBC) at Southern Forest Life - 10 Feb 2019 Desmodium gunnii (Southern Tick-trefoil) at Southern Forest Life - 9 Feb 2019 Ecnolagria sp. (Ecnolagria darkling beetle) at Southern Forest Life - 9 Feb 2019 TIPHIIDAE sp. (Unidentified Smooth flower wasp) at Southern Forest Life - 9 Feb 2019 Unidentified Fungus, Moss, Liverwort, etc (TBC) at Southern Forest Life - 8 Feb 2019 Leptotarsus clavatus (Crane fly) at Southern Forest Life - 8 Feb 2019 MYRMELEONTIDAE (Unidentified ant-lion lacewing) at Southern Forest Life - 8 Feb 2019 Ferreola handschini (Orange-collared Spider Wasp) at Southern Forest Life - 8 Feb 2019 Bovista brunnea (A puffball) at Southern Forest Life - 7 Feb 2019 Tetragnatha sp. (Long-jawed spider) at Southern Forest Life - 7 Feb 2019 Diplacodes haematodes (Scarlet Percher) at Southern Forest Life - 7 Feb 2019 Cryptachaea gigantipes (White porch spider) at Southern Forest Life - 7 Feb 2019 Spilosoma curvata (Crimson Tiger Moth) at Southern Forest Life - 6 Feb 2019 Abantiades labyrinthicus (Labyrinthine Ghost Moth) at Southern Forest Life - 5 Feb 2019 Litoria peronii (Peron's Tree Frog) at Southern Forest Life - 5 Feb 2019 Abantiades hyalinatus (Abantiades hyalinatus) at Southern Forest Life - 5 Feb 2019 Opodiphthera eucalypti (Emperor Gum Moth) at Southern Forest Life - 5 Feb 2019 Amata nigriceps (Tiger moth) at Southern Forest Life - 5 Feb 2019 Abantiades hyalinatus (Abantiades hyalinatus) at Southern Forest Life - 4 Feb 2019 Ommatius sp. (Common yellow robber fly) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019 Bermius brachycerus (Garden Bermius) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019 Mutusca brevicornis at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019 ARANEIDAE (Unidentified Orb weaver) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019 Faviera tritalis (Faviera tritalis) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019 Oncopeltus sordidus (A Seed bug) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019 Zizina otis labradus (Common Grass Blue) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019 POMPILIDAE (Unidentified Spider wasp) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019 Jalmenus evagoras (Common Imperial Blue) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019 Rutilia (Chrysorutilia) formosa (Bristle fly) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019 Bobilla sp. (Pygmy Cricket) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019 PTEROPHORIDAE sp. (Plume moth) at Southern Forest Life - 1 Feb 2019 Thasyraea lepida (TBC) at Southern Forest Life - 1 Feb 2019 Epiphyas postvittana (Light Brown Apple Moth) at Southern Forest Life - 1 Feb 2019 Leptotarsus (Macromastix) costalis (Crane fly) at Southern Forest Life - 1 Feb 2019 Campion callosus (A mantisfly) at Southern Forest Life - 1 Feb 2019 Hemicordulia australiae (Australian Emerald) at Southern Forest Life - 31 Jan 2019 Pachydissus sp. (Pachydissus longhorn beetle) at Southern Forest Life - 30 Jan 2019 Tipanaea patulella (Tipanaea patulella) at Southern Forest Life - 29 Jan 2019 Acrida conica (Giant Slant-face) at Southern Forest Life - 26 Jan 2019 Zizina otis labradus (Common Grass Blue) at Southern Forest Life - 26 Jan 2019 Delena cancerides (Social huntsman spider) at Southern Forest Life - 25 Jan 2019
Thalaina clara (Clara's Satin Moth) at Southern Forest Life - 11 May 2019
Russula sp. (Russula) at Southern Forest Life - 8 May 2019
Chlorocoma dichloraria (Guenee's or Double-fringed Emerald) at Southern Forest Life - 6 May 2019
Myrmecia forficata (Bull ant) at Southern Forest Life - 6 May 2019
Stiphidion sp. (Platform spider) at Southern Forest Life - 6 May 2019
Litoria ewingii (Brown Tree Frog) at Southern Forest Life - 6 May 2019
Coptaspis sp. (Woodland Katydid) at Southern Forest Life - 6 May 2019
Oudemansiella 'radicata group' (Rooting Shank) at Southern Forest Life - 6 May 2019
Helicarion cuvieri (semi-slug) at Southern Forest Life - 3 May 2019
Epacris impressa (Common Heath) at Southern Forest Life - 2 May 2019
Platysace lanceolata (Shrubby Platysace) at Southern Forest Life - 2 May 2019
Epacris impressa (Common Heath) at Southern Forest Life - 2 May 2019
Limnodynastes dumerili (Eastern Banjo Frog (Pobblebonk)) at Southern Forest Life - 30 Apr 2019
Eriophora transmarina (Garden orb-weaver) at Southern Forest Life - 30 Apr 2019
Musotima ochropteralis at Southern Forest Life - 30 Apr 2019
BRACONIDAE (Unidentified braconid wasp) at Southern Forest Life - 30 Apr 2019
Omphalotus nidiformis (Ghost Fungus) at Southern Forest Life - 29 Apr 2019
Oxycanus rufescens at Southern Forest Life - 28 Apr 2019
Chelepteryx chalepteryx (Chelepteryx chalepteryx) at Southern Forest Life - 28 Apr 2019
Ectropis bispinaria at Southern Forest Life - 28 Apr 2019
Venator spenceri (Hunter) at Southern Forest Life - 27 Apr 2019
Amanita xanthocephala (Vermilion Grisette) at Southern Forest Life - 24 Apr 2019
Amanita sp. at Southern Forest Life - 24 Apr 2019
Boletellus emodensis (Boletellus emodensis) at Southern Forest Life - 24 Apr 2019
Exoneura sp. (Reed Bees) at Southern Forest Life - 20 Apr 2019
Torbia perficita (Giant Torbia) at Southern Forest Life - 4 Apr 2019
Arkys alticephala (High-headed Arkys) at Southern Forest Life - 28 Mar 2019
Heteronympha banksii (Banks' Brown) at Southern Forest Life - 27 Mar 2019
Pison sp. (Black mud-dauber wasp) at Southern Forest Life - 26 Mar 2019
Fuligo septica (Dog vomit slime, Scrambled egg slime,) at Southern Forest Life - 26 Mar 2019
Myxomycete - plasmodium at Southern Forest Life - 26 Mar 2019
Tisiphone abeona (Swordgrass Brown) at Southern Forest Life - 26 Mar 2019
Heteronympha merope (Common Brown) at Southern Forest Life - 25 Mar 2019
Holconia immanis (Grey Huntsman) at Southern Forest Life - 24 Mar 2019
MICROGASTRINAE (subfamily) (Braconid wasp) at Southern Forest Life - 24 Mar 2019
Haemaphysalis longicornis (Scrub Tick, Bush Tick, New Zealand Cattle Tick) at Southern Forest Life - 24 Mar 2019
Orthetrum caledonicum (Blue Skimmer) at Southern Forest Life - 21 Mar 2019
CHAOBORIDAE (family) (Phantom midge) at Southern Forest Life - 21 Mar 2019
Myrmecia tarsata (Bullant or Bulldog ant) at Southern Forest Life - 21 Mar 2019
Illeis galbula (Fungus-eating Ladybird) at Southern Forest Life - 20 Mar 2019
Inocybe violaceocaulis (TBC) at Southern Forest Life - 18 Mar 2019
Paraoxypilus tasmaniensis (Black bark mantis) at Southern Forest Life - 11 Mar 2019
Miturga sp. (Prowling Spider) at Southern Forest Life - 10 Mar 2019
Phonognatha graeffei (Leaf curling spider) at Southern Forest Life - 10 Mar 2019
GRYLLACRIDIDAE (family) (Raspy Cricket) at Southern Forest Life - 10 Mar 2019
Eucyclodes insperata (Lacy Emerald) at Southern Forest Life - 7 Mar 2019
Epicoma sp. (Prominent moth) at Southern Forest Life - 5 Mar 2019
Epicoma contristis (Prominent moth) at Southern Forest Life - 4 Mar 2019
Argoctenus sp. (TBC) at Southern Forest Life - 4 Mar 2019
Hypocysta metirius (Brown Ringlet) at Southern Forest Life - 4 Mar 2019
Diplacodes haematodes (Scarlet Percher) at Southern Forest Life - 4 Mar 2019
Duomyia sp. (Signal fly) at Southern Forest Life - 4 Mar 2019
Asura lydia (Lydia Lichen Moth) at Southern Forest Life - 4 Mar 2019
Idiodes apicata (Bracken Moth) at Southern Forest Life - 3 Mar 2019
Orgyia anartoides (Painted Apple Moth) at Southern Forest Life - 24 Feb 2019
Archimantis sp. (Large brown mantis) at Southern Forest Life - 17 Feb 2019
Bovista brunnea (A puffball) at Southern Forest Life - 16 Feb 2019
Geopelia striata (Peaceful Dove) at Southern Forest Life - 12 Feb 2019
Morebilus plagusius (TBC) at Southern Forest Life - 11 Feb 2019
Colepia sp. (TBC) at Southern Forest Life - 10 Feb 2019
Desmodium gunnii (Southern Tick-trefoil) at Southern Forest Life - 9 Feb 2019
Ecnolagria sp. (Ecnolagria darkling beetle) at Southern Forest Life - 9 Feb 2019
TIPHIIDAE sp. (Unidentified Smooth flower wasp) at Southern Forest Life - 9 Feb 2019
Unidentified Fungus, Moss, Liverwort, etc (TBC) at Southern Forest Life - 8 Feb 2019
Leptotarsus clavatus (Crane fly) at Southern Forest Life - 8 Feb 2019
MYRMELEONTIDAE (Unidentified ant-lion lacewing) at Southern Forest Life - 8 Feb 2019
Ferreola handschini (Orange-collared Spider Wasp) at Southern Forest Life - 8 Feb 2019
Bovista brunnea (A puffball) at Southern Forest Life - 7 Feb 2019
Tetragnatha sp. (Long-jawed spider) at Southern Forest Life - 7 Feb 2019
Diplacodes haematodes (Scarlet Percher) at Southern Forest Life - 7 Feb 2019
Cryptachaea gigantipes (White porch spider) at Southern Forest Life - 7 Feb 2019
Spilosoma curvata (Crimson Tiger Moth) at Southern Forest Life - 6 Feb 2019
Abantiades labyrinthicus (Labyrinthine Ghost Moth) at Southern Forest Life - 5 Feb 2019
Litoria peronii (Peron's Tree Frog) at Southern Forest Life - 5 Feb 2019
Abantiades hyalinatus (Abantiades hyalinatus) at Southern Forest Life - 5 Feb 2019
Opodiphthera eucalypti (Emperor Gum Moth) at Southern Forest Life - 5 Feb 2019
Amata nigriceps (Tiger moth) at Southern Forest Life - 5 Feb 2019
Abantiades hyalinatus (Abantiades hyalinatus) at Southern Forest Life - 4 Feb 2019
Ommatius sp. (Common yellow robber fly) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019
Bermius brachycerus (Garden Bermius) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019
Mutusca brevicornis at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019
ARANEIDAE (Unidentified Orb weaver) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019
Faviera tritalis (Faviera tritalis) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019
Oncopeltus sordidus (A Seed bug) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019
Zizina otis labradus (Common Grass Blue) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019
POMPILIDAE (Unidentified Spider wasp) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019
Jalmenus evagoras (Common Imperial Blue) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019
Rutilia (Chrysorutilia) formosa (Bristle fly) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019
Bobilla sp. (Pygmy Cricket) at Southern Forest Life - 2 Feb 2019
PTEROPHORIDAE sp. (Plume moth) at Southern Forest Life - 1 Feb 2019
Thasyraea lepida (TBC) at Southern Forest Life - 1 Feb 2019
Epiphyas postvittana (Light Brown Apple Moth) at Southern Forest Life - 1 Feb 2019
Leptotarsus (Macromastix) costalis (Crane fly) at Southern Forest Life - 1 Feb 2019
Campion callosus (A mantisfly) at Southern Forest Life - 1 Feb 2019
Hemicordulia australiae (Australian Emerald) at Southern Forest Life - 31 Jan 2019
Pachydissus sp. (Pachydissus longhorn beetle) at Southern Forest Life - 30 Jan 2019
Tipanaea patulella (Tipanaea patulella) at Southern Forest Life - 29 Jan 2019
Acrida conica (Giant Slant-face) at Southern Forest Life - 26 Jan 2019
Zizina otis labradus (Common Grass Blue) at Southern Forest Life - 26 Jan 2019
Delena cancerides (Social huntsman spider) at Southern Forest Life - 25 Jan 2019

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Location

Location information

Species information

  • Not Sensitive
  • Local Native
  • Non-Invasive

Sighting information

  • 6 Abundance
  • 3 May 2019 11:40 AM Recorded on
  • KerriLee Recorded by
  • Website Reported via
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